Sunday, November 26, 2017

Miracle in Islam - Mujiza or Ayah?

Miracle in Islam - Mujiza or Ayah?
 By: Khurshid Imam
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A. Mujiza or Ayah?

The triliteral root ʿayn jīm zāy (ع ج ز) occurs 26 times in the Quran. Arabic word 'mujiza' is derived from it. It means "that by means of which [the Prophet] confounds, overwhelms, his opponents" or in simple words “miracle”.

Generally, we use the word 'miracle' or 'mujiza' to describe something that perplexes human mind and can't be explained. For many events mentioned in the Quran, we use these terms. 

However, the shocking fact is that Qur'an does not use the technical Arabic word (مُعْجِزَة Muʿjiza) for 'miracle'. When we go through statements in Quran that talk about so-called-miraculous events, we do not find the Arabic word 'mujiza' mentioned in the text.

Instead of 'mujiza', Quran uses the term 'Ayah' (literally meaning sign) to describe such events [what we call as miracles].

B. Quran as witness

Let us ponder over few examples from Quran
1. Prophet Salih and the miracle of the she-camel:
Prophet Salih referred to the she-camel as 'Ayah' of Allah. In general, people think that the she-camel was sent as 'mujiza or miracle but Quran says that she was an Ayah from Allah. Refer Quran 7:73

In English translations you can see the word "Miracle" added in bracket in front of the word 'ayah'.


2. Prophet Moses and miracles for Firaun:
Quran describes all miracles shown to firaun as ‘Ayah’ of Allah.

Then [Musa (Moses)] showed him the great AYAH (usually translated as miracles). Quran 79:20
But [Fir'aun (Pharaoh)] belied and disobeyed. Quran 79:21

Quran is saying that Prophet Moses showed ‘Ayah’ to Firaun. We know that Moses showed many events to Firaun that we understand as miracle.

     Quran 20:22 – Stick as snake was an Ayah and not Mujiza.
     Quran 20:56 – Allah showed all Ayah to Firaun.
     Quran 20:72 – Magicians surrendered and believed in Ayah shown to them.
     Quran 10:92 – Preservation of Firaun’s body is an Ayah from Allah.
     Quran 7:106-109 – Firaun asked Moses to show the Ayah, Moses showed the Ayah of snake and stick and magicians were surprised to see; they attributed this event to sorcery.

Quran 7:130-132 refers to “years of drought and shortage of crops” as ‘Ayah’. Similarly, events of flood, locusts, lice, frogs, blood are referred to as Ayah of Allah sent for Firaun.

C. What difference it makes whether it is ‘Mujiza’ or ‘Ayah’?

One may question: what is the big deal in use of word ‘Ayah’ or absence of word ‘Mujiza’?
When we use word ‘miracle’ or ‘Mujiza’ for an event then we assume it to be:
     Super natural event
     Something that is beyond human perception
     Something that goes against laws of nature.

However, Quran attributes these events to be Ayah of Allah. Arabic word ‘Ayah’ is difficult to translate in any language because it comes solely from Allah. Loosely, we can translate it as ‘Sign’. Ayah of Allah are of two types:
     In the Quran: Every sentence in the Quran is an Ayah of Allah.
     Outside the Quran: Everything surrounding us reflect Ayah of Allah.

1.     Time and again Allah urges readers of Quran to deeply ponder over Ayah of Allah.
2.     Quran also says that in the ‘work’ of Allah there is Ayah for those who think.

Ayah of Allah is for human beings to ponder upon, derive guidance and benefit. When we assume that it’s not an Ayah but a super natural event then we deprive mankind of the benefits of Ayah.

We keep on discovering and knowing more details of Ayah or 'signs' of Allah. 

For example, Quran 2:164 says that those who use ‘aql’ or intellect will find many things from following Ayah of Allah:
  1. Creation of heavens and the earth
  2. Alternation of day and night
  3. Sailing of ship through oceans
  4. Rain
  5. Moving Creatures
  6. Movement of wind
Quran says that all above events are Ayah of Allah for those who use intellect / AQL.
Today, science has discovered many aspects of above Ayah of Allah, which earlier people did not know. The more people pondered over above Ayah of Allah, more knowledge they gained.
Similarly, the more we will ponder over so-called-miracles or ‘Mujiza’, better we will understand its mechanism. Mujiza is neither super natural nor it’s against the laws of nature. If we ponder over it more, we will be able to explain its mechanism better.

D. Conclusion

1.     Quran uses the Arabic word ‘Ayah’ to indicate events that we deem as miracle. Quran never uses the word ‘Mujiza’ in context with such events.
2.     With the passage of time, we keep on moving from less knowledge domain to more knowledge domain.
3.     Whatever the so-called-miracle occurred in the past, they occurred as part of God's laws. We might discover many of these laws in future. We will explore more and more regarding Ayah of Allah.
4.     Miracles of Quran are for us to ponder over and derive the guidance.


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Saturday, October 28, 2017

Nabi and rasul - What is the difference?

Difference between Nabi and Rasul

By: Khurshid Imam
***************************************

Popular understanding is: "Every Rasul is Nabi. But every Nabi is not Rasul. Rasul is the Nabi who was given holy book from God."
Let us check the validity of this definition in the light of Quran.

Nabi is an Arabic word derived from the root word nūn bā hamza (ن ب أ) which means "news or piece of information or tidings". One who delivers the news / tidings is referred as NABI. Quran has used this word for those human being whom we refer to as Prophet in English. Prophet or Nabi would give glad tidings of good result and paradise for those who believed the message of God and he would warn people against bad consequences of rejecting the message of God.

Rasul is one who delivers the message. Going by the literal meaning both seems to be exactly same but they are not. Let’s not go into the etymology of these terms. Let us see some basic differences:

Quran has used word RASUL for different kind of creatures. It is not specific to human being or Prophets.

1.     RASUL used for angel:
Say, "If there were settled, on earth, angels walking about in peace and quiet, We should certainly have sent them down from the heavens an angel for a messenger (Rasul). Quran 17:95.

Allah says that an angel would have been sent as RASUL if angels were living on the earth.

Quran 11:77 And when Our messengers (Rasul), [angels], came to Lot,
Quran 11:81 - (The angels) said, "O Lot, indeed we are messengers (Rasul) of your Lord;
Quran 11:69 And certainly did Our messengers (Rasul) come to Abraham with good tidings;
Quran 15:57 - [Abraham] said, "Then what is your business [here], O messengers (Rasul)?"
Quran 15:61 - And when the messengers (Rasul) came to the family of Lot,
Quran 29:31 - messenger sent to Abraham is referred as Rasul.
Quran 29:33 - messenger sent to Prophet Lot is referred as Rasul.

Quran 7:37 refers to angel of death as Rasul.

2.     RASUL used for Al-Rooh:
ROOH- who visited Hazrat Maryam is referred to as Rasul. Quran 19:17, 19

3.     RASUL used for normal human being:
And the king said, "Bring him to me." But when the messenger (Rasul word is used here) came to him, [Joseph] said, "Return to your master …." Quran12:50

Word Rasul is used here for a person who belonged to the kingdom of Egypt. 

4.     RASUL used for Sahabi (Companion of Prophet Muhammad):
When Prophet was sending Hazrat MUAZ BIN JABAL as Governor of Yemen then Prophet referred Hazrat Muaz as RASUL ka RASUL” = “Messenger (of prophet) of the messenger (messenger of Allah)”. Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 1327

5.     RASUL used for Jinn (invisible creature of God):
"O you assembly of jinn and mankind! "Did not there come to you messengers (Rasul) from amongst you, reciting unto you My Verses and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?" Quran 6:130

Allah chooses messengers from the angels and from the people. Indeed, Allah is Hearing and 
Seeing. Quran 22:75

Quran 33:40 tells that Prophet Muhammad is RASUL and he is the seal of NABI. Prophet Muhammad is referred as last NABI. He is not referred as last RASUL.
Nabi were those people whom we call as Prophet. Risalat continues. But door of revelation ceased with Prophet Muhammad. Revelation of God would come to human being who was a Nabi.

Allah says in Quran 28:59 that Allah does not destroy a population until he sends RASUL among them. Obviously this Risalat of Rasul continues in the form of human beings acting as Rasul / warner / guide. But for sure – NABUWWAT or Prophet-hood has ended so there is no concept of receiving revelation from Allah after Prophet Muhammad.

Myth: Rasul is a Nabi who got new holy book from God. There were 313 Rasul and 100,000+ Nabi”.

Reality 1: This hypothesis contradicts with Quran. Quran 19:54 says that Prophet Ishmael was a Rasul. But we know that he did not bring any new holy book. He was son of Prophet Abraham and he would have continued teaching of Sohaf-e-Ibraheem i.e. book given to his father.
And mention in the Book (the Qur'an) Isma'il (Ishmael). Verily he was true to what he promised, and he was a Messenger (Rasul), (and) a Prophet (Nabi). Quran 19:54
Please note that word RASUL is used for Prophet Ismael even though he was not given any separate book.

Reality 2: Quran says opposite. As we have seen that every Nabi was a Rasul. Quran 3:81 says that every Nabi was given portion of book and wisdom (Kitaab and Hikmah). Details of “Al Kitaab” is beyond the scope of this article. The idea is that teachings from Al-Kitab (Need not to be present today in holy book format) was given to every Nabi but misconception spread is that only Rasul were given holy book. Holy book / revelation is not a factor for differentiating between Nabi and Rasul.

Reality 3: Quran says in 19:30 that Jesus was given book and he was Nabi.
[Jesus] said, "Indeed, I am the servant of Allah. He has given me the Scripture (Kitab) and made me a prophet (Nabi). Quran 19:30

Reality 4: Quran 19:51 says that Prophet Moses was a Nabi and a Rasul. Even though – he was given torah, a new shariah yet Quran did not say that he was only a Rasul and not a Nabi.

Reality 5: “We gave Moses the scripture (Kitab) and followed him up with messengers (Rasul) in quick succession. …”. Quran 2:87.

Please note that Quran says that Moses was given the book, then messengers (Rasul) came in quick succession and then ayah talks about Prophet Jesus. It is very obvious that messengers (Rasul) coming in quick succession after Moses would mean no new message or scripture but the continuation of the message (book) of Prophet Moses. This fact also discards the idea that Rasul is a Nabi who brings new shariah / holy book.

Reality 6: “And We have already sent Noah and Abraham and placed in their descendants prophet hood (Nabuwwat) and scripture (Kitab)…”. Quran 57:26

Please note that Quran did not say Risalat and Kitab, rather it says Nabuwwat and Kitab. Again- we find here that theory of Rasul only getting Kitab is fabricated concept. Let me repeat: Quran has not put revelation / shariah / new holy book – a factor in differentiating between Nabi and Rasul.

I don’t know how this false notion – “every Rasul is a Nabi and only Rasul got holy book”- became so popular. This idea is horribly wrong in the context with Quran.

Conclusion:
1.     Nabi is a person who receives divine guidance and revelation from God.
2.     Every Nabi was a Rasul. Rasul is someone who carries a message.
3.     Quran uses Rasul for Nabi, angel, normal human being etc.
4.     So, every Nabi was a Rasul but every Rasul need not be Nabi.
5.     Holy book or revelation is not a factor in differentiating Nabi and Rasul.

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Saturday, October 7, 2017

क़ुरआन की जन्नत और मुसलमानों की जन्नत

क़ुरआन की जन्नत और मुसलमानों की जन्नत

"खुर्शीद इमाम"
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अलग अलग जगहों पर क़ुरआन ने उन क्वालिटीज़ का ज़िक्र किया है जो जन्नत में जाने के लिए होनी चाहिए, सूरह रा'द (13) की आयत नंबर 19-24 तक जन्नत के लोगों (अहले जन्नत) की ऐसी तफसीर पढ़कर शादाब बड़ा ही खुश था,👇

क़ुरआन 13:19 ... इस के सिवा नहीं कि अक्ल वाले ही समझते हैं (जो सोचते हैं, जो गौरो फिक्र करते हैं, जो अपनी अक्ल का इस्तेमाल करते हैं) ।

क़ुरआन 13:20 ... वह जो अल्लाह का अहद पूरा करते हैं और पुख्ता कौल औे इकरार नहीं तोड़ते (ऐसे लोग जो अपने वादों और एग्रीमेंट्स की कद्र करते हैं) ।

क़ुरआन 13:21 ... और वह लोग जो जोड़े रखते हैं जिस  लिए अल्लाह ने हुक्म दिया है कि जोड़ा जाए, और वह अपने रब से डरते हैं, और बुरे हिसाब का खौफ खाते हैं (क़ुरआन रिश्तों नातों को कायम रखने और उन्हें मज़बूत बनाने पर ज़ोर देता है और बंटने से रोकता है, वो अपने बुरे हिसाब से डरते हैं) ।

क़ुरआन 13:22 ... और जिन लोगों ने अपने रब की खुशी हासिल करने के लिए सब्र किया, और उन्होंने नमाज़ कायम की, और जो हम ने उन्हें दिया है उस से खर्च किया पोशीदा और ज़ाहिर, और वह नेकी से बुराई को टाल देते हैं वही हैं जिनके लिए आख़िरत का घर है (वो बुराई को नेकी से बदल देते हैं) ।

क़ुरआन 13:23 ... हमेशगी के बागात (हैं) उन में वह दाखिल होंगे, और वह जो उनके बाप दादा, और उन की बीवियों, और औलाद में से नेक हुए और उन पर हर दरवाज़े से फरिश्ते दाखिल होंगे (यह कहते हुए कि)👇

क़ुरआन 13:24 ... "तुम पर सलामती हो इसलिए कि तुम ने सब्र किया बस खूब है आख़िरत का घर" ।

कम लफ़्ज़ों में, क़ुरआन ने जन्नत के लोगों की ये क्वालिटीज़ बताई हैं👇

A. अक्ल से काम लेने वाले, सोचने समझने वाले ।
B. वादों को पूरा करने वाले/ अपनी बात पर कायम रहने वाले ।
C. इस बात का खौफ रखने वाले जी इंसान को अपने हर अमल का हिसाब देना है ।
D. रिश्तों नातों और जुड़ाव को बचाए और संभाले रखने वाले ।
E. सब्र करने वाले ।
F. नमाज़ कायम करने वाले ।
G. अल्लाह ने जो दिया है उस से खर्च करने वाले ।
H. बुराई से अच्छे अखलाक़ और नेकी के साथ निबटने वाले ।

जन्नत सलामती वाले लोगों के लिए हैं; यही वजह है कि फरिश्ते उन्हें लफ्ज़ "सलामती" से नवाज़ेंगे.

अचानक शादाब को याद आया कि बचपन से उसने क्या सीखा है ? अपने वालिदैन से, मस्जिदों के खुत्बों से‌, इस्लामिक जलसों के लाउडस्पीकरों से तो उसने यही समझा था कि जन्नत में जाने के लिए इंसान को ये सब चाहिए:👇

1. ज़िन्दगी में एक बार दिल से या ज़बान से कलमा पढ़ लो ।
या...
2. या 73 में से एक जन्नती फिरके का हिस्सा बन जाओ ।
या ...
3. या पूरी ज़िन्दगी में सिर्फ एक छोटी सी नेकी कर लो ।
या...
4. दाढ़ी रख को और सही लंबाई का सलवार या पजामा  पहन लो ।
या...
5. अल्लाह के 99 नाम याद कर लो ।
...... ।"

शादाब ने कहा, "क़ुरआन का इस्लाम मुसलमानों के इस्लाम से बोहोत अलग है"

क़ुरआन दीन का फित्री, तर्कसंगत, अक्ल में आने वाला और इंसानी उसूल देता है

Thursday, October 5, 2017

काफिर शब्द का क्या अर्थ है

काफिर शब्द का क्या अर्थ है?
अरबी शब्दकोश में काफिर शब्द का धातु (root): (क+फ+र) کفر
काफ़िर शब्द के तीन अलग अलग अर्थ है
1- छिपाना
2- इन्कार करना
3- नाशुक्री,अकृतज्ञता
1- सबसे पहले "छिपाना"
...كَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ أَعْجَبَ الْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُ...
...वर्षा की मिसाल की तरह जिसकी वनस्पति ने किसान का दिल मोह लिया।...
क़ुरआन 57:20
यहाँ कुफ्फारٍ الْكُفَّارَ जो काफिर کفار के जमा (बहुवचन) इस्तेमाल हुआ है
यहाँ किसान को काफिर (کافر,छिपानेवाला) कहा गया है क्यूंकि किसान ज़मीन के नीचे बीजों छिपाता हैं
2- इन्कार करना
لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَدْ تَبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ فَمَنْ (يَكْفُرْ ) بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ...
दीन (धर्म) के सम्बन्ध में कोई ज़बरदस्ती नहीं। सन्मार्ग, पथभ्रष्टता से अलग हो चुका है। अतः जो व्यक्ति, शैतान को "झुठलाये" (इन्कार करना) और ईमान लाये, अल्लाह पर...
क़ुरआन 2:256
यहाँ یکفر (yakfur) शब्द का इस्तेमाल हुआ है और मुसलमानों के लिए आया है यहाँ मुसलमानों को कहा जा रहा है कि तुम शैतान का इनकार करो
3- नाशुक्री,अकृतज्ञता
وَلَقَدۡ اٰتَيۡنَا لُقۡمٰنَ الۡحِكۡمَةَ اَنِ اشۡكُرۡ لِلّٰهِ​ؕ وَمَنۡ يَّشۡكُرۡ فَاِنَّمَا يَشۡكُرُ لِنَفۡسِهٖ​ۚ وَمَنۡ (كَفَرَ)
فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ غَنِىٌّ حَمِيۡدٌ‏ 
और हमने लुकमान को विवेक प्रदान किया कि अल्लाह का आभार प्रकट करो। और जो व्यक्ति आभार प्रकट करेगा। तो वह अपने ही लिए आभार प्रकट करेगा और जो "कृतघ्नता" (नाशुक्री) करेगा तो अल्लाह निस्पृह है, विशेषताओं वाला है।
क़ुरआन 31:12
काफिर शब्द का क्या अर्थ है?
अरबी शब्दकोश में काफिर शब्द का धातु (root): (क+फ+र) کفر
काफ़िर शब्द के तीन अलग अलग अर्थ है
1- छिपाना
2- इन्कार करना
3- नाशुक्री,अकृतज्ञता
1- सबसे पहले "छिपाना"
...كَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ أَعْجَبَ الْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُ...
...वर्षा की मिसाल की तरह जिसकी वनस्पति ने किसान का दिल मोह लिया।...
क़ुरआन 57:20
यहाँ कुफ्फारٍ الْكُفَّارَ जो काफिर کفار के जमा (बहुवचन) इस्तेमाल हुआ है
यहाँ किसान को काफिर (کافر,छिपानेवाला) कहा गया है क्यूंकि किसान ज़मीन के नीचे बीजों छिपाता हैं
2- इन्कार करना
لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَدْ تَبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ فَمَنْ (يَكْفُرْ ) بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ...
दीन (धर्म) के सम्बन्ध में कोई ज़बरदस्ती नहीं। सन्मार्ग, पथभ्रष्टता से अलग हो चुका है। अतः जो व्यक्ति, शैतान को "झुठलाये" (इन्कार करना) और ईमान लाये, अल्लाह पर...
क़ुरआन 2:256
यहाँ یکفر (yakfur) शब्द का इस्तेमाल हुआ है और मुसलमानों के लिए आया है यहाँ मुसलमानों को कहा जा रहा है कि तुम शैतान का इनकार करो
3- नाशुक्री,अकृतज्ञता
وَلَقَدۡ اٰتَيۡنَا لُقۡمٰنَ الۡحِكۡمَةَ اَنِ اشۡكُرۡ لِلّٰهِ​ؕ وَمَنۡ يَّشۡكُرۡ فَاِنَّمَا يَشۡكُرُ لِنَفۡسِهٖ​ۚ وَمَنۡ (كَفَرَ)
فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ غَنِىٌّ حَمِيۡدٌ‏ 
और हमने लुकमान को विवेक प्रदान किया कि अल्लाह का आभार प्रकट करो। और जो व्यक्ति आभार प्रकट करेगा। तो वह अपने ही लिए आभार प्रकट करेगा और जो "कृतघ्नता" (नाशुक्री) करेगा तो अल्लाह निस्पृह है, विशेषताओं वाला है।
क़ुरआन 31:12
और जिन लोगो तक इस्लाम का पैगाम नहीं पहुँचा उनके लिए क़ुरान एक अलग शब्द का इस्तेमाल करता है वो है ग़ाफ़िल (غَافِلُونَ)
ذَٰلِكَ أَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ رَبُّكَ مُهْلِكَ الْقُرَىٰ بِظُلْمٍ وَأَهْلُهَا غَافِلُونَ
यह इस कारण से कि तुम्हारा पालनहार बस्तियों को उनके अत्याचार पर इस स्थिति में नष्ट करने वाला नहीं कि वहाँ के लोग (सन्देश से) ग़ाफ़िल हों।
क़ुरआन 6:13

Saturday, September 23, 2017

Why muslim sacrifice on Eid ul Adha : Questions of Non-Muslims

1. When Prophet Ibraheem sacrificed his son for the pleasure of Allah, why do Muslims make animal sacrifices on Eid-al-Adha?

This is indeed true that Prophet Ibraheem (pbuh) in his full senses went out to sacrifice his son as this was what he was seeing in the dreams. However, though he did put the knife to his son's throat, in reality the sacrifice that got done was of an animal. God was testing Prophet Ibraheem that whether he would sacrifice his most precious attachment i.e. his only son for the pleasure of Allah. Prophet Ibraheem's intention to sacrfice his son did not waiver and he acted accordingly till the very last and so it was accepted by God and his son was replaced by an animal by God's command. To mark this event, God has commanded all believers to make animal sacrifices on that day and share the meat with family, friends; relatives and the poor.


2. Why do Muslims make animal sacrifices when the holy Quran itself says that neither their meat nor their blood reaches God? Why do not Muslims give away the money used in making sacrifices as charity to the poor?

لَن يَنَالَ اللَّهَ لُحُومُهَا وَلاَ دِمَآؤُهَا وَلَـكِن يَنَالُهُ التَّقْوَى مِنكُمْ

It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah, but it is Taqwa from you that reaches Him. (22:37)

The aayah clearly says that though the meat or blood do not reach God, He has still commanded to do the sacrifice as it helps develop 'Taqwa' or God consciousness in the believers. 'Taqwa' is a multi-faceted attribute and cannot be developed by making charity alone. 'Roza' and 'Salah' also help develop 'Taqwa'. Different types of trainings are required to develop a complte well rounded personality of a believer who has God consciousness or 'Taqwa' in his heart. Each mode of worship, be it 'Roza', 'Salah', 'Zakaat' or 'Qurbani' help inculcate different factes of 'Taqwa' like how to have control over material desires of food, drink, comfort or how to value time and follow a disciplined life, or how to leave the attachment to money and give to others. In the case of 'Qurbani', believers are asked to ponder on the great sacrifice that Prophet Ibraheem got ready to make for the pleasure of God and which so pleased God that He commanded to sacrifice an animal instead of sons for all the times to come. However, this great sacrifice that Prophet Ibraheem was about to make and his spirit of selfless love and devotion towards God needs to be cultivated within the hearts of every true believer. The sacrifice of an animal that has been commanded by God as commemoration of that event goes to strengthen the spirit of sacrifice of beloved worldly things in the way of God. Also, it serves as a reminder of God's infinte mercy on His slaves that He only asks to sacrifice an animal and teaches us to share our blessings with others especially the needy.

As regards to charity, Islam is the only religion that commands its followers to make a compulsory charity of minimum 2.5% on their wealth. Besides, one is exhorted to make voluntary charity or come to aid in whatever way it is possible to assist the needy. However, charity helps develop a selfless nature in human beings with regards to other human beings. While the sacrifice done as commemoration of Prophet Ibraheem's spirit of sacrifice helps develop devotion and selflessness towards God, our creator. Therefore, one form of worship cannot be replaced by another form of worship as they each help in developing different facets of 'Taqwa' or God consciousness

Note: Whether a human being is permitted to eat meat or not is beyond the scope of this article. Kindly refer to below video for understanding on that topic.

Please watch this video for details on : Is Non Veg food permitted for mankind?



Friday, September 15, 2017

What is the difference between fardh, sunnat & nafil prayer?

Difference between fardh, sunnat & nafil prayer?

By: Khurshid Imam
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It is important to note that there are only two categories of Salah or any act / duty in islam:
1. Fardh - means obligatory. If one fails to offer fardh,it will be regarded as sin.

2. Nafil - means it is optional. If done, one will be rewarded for it. However, if one fails to do it, then there is no harm. It will not be regarded as sin unlike for fardh Salah.

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) did not define Salah or any duty into wajib, Sunnat e muakkeda, Sunnat e ghair muakkeda, mandoob, mustahab etc. In fact these terminologies were not used at the time of Prophet. These terminologies were developed by jurists of later era to make an act easily understood for common mass.

Quran and guidance from life of Prophet present an act only into two categories: Obligatory [fardh] or Optional [nafil].

Jurists later divided nafil into sub categories:
1. Wajib: If it was done by Prophet most of times.
2. Sunnat-e-muakkeda : If an act was done by Prophet frequently.
3. Sunnat-e-ghair muakkeda / mustahab / mandoob: If an act was done by prophet occassionally.

These terminologies were not brought into place by Prophet - hence we see difference of opinion and disagreement among scholars. For example:

1. Each of 4 school of thought differ:
  • In number of optional Salah [nafil] in 5 times prayer.
  • Exact timing of a Salah.
  • Some other aspects of Salah. For example: Imam Malik was of the opinion to leave the hands to dangle at one's sides during fardh prayer. Other 3 school of thoughts differed from this opinion.

2. Imam Abu Hanifah held that witr prayer is wajib. Shafi’i, Maliki, and Hanbali scholars ruled that Salat al-Witr is sunnat.

There were different parameters based on which jurists divided nafil act into different categories.


Conclusion:
1. Five time Salah [Fajir: 2 rakah,   Zuhar: 4 rakah,   Asar : 4 rakah,   Maghrib : 3 rakah,   Isha : 4 rakah] are mandatory / fardh and you will be questioned if you don't offer them.

2. Rest all prayers are optional. Make sure to not miss fardh prayer in any case.

Monday, August 7, 2017

Paradise of Quran vs Paradise of Muslims

Paradise of Quran vs Paradise of Muslims

By: Khurshid Imam
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At different places, Quran talks about qualities that will lead people to paradise. Shadab was extremely delighted to read one such description of people of paradise as found in Quran, Surah Raad (13), Ayah 19-24.

Quran 13:19. ... They only will be reminded who are people of understanding [who think, who ponder, who use their aql]

Quran 13:20. Those who fulfill the covenant of Allah and do not break the contract. [People who honor their agreements & promises]

Quran 13:21. And those who join that which Allah has ordered to be joined and fear their Lord and are afraid of the evil of [their] account, [Quran promotes preserving and strengthening relationships/ ties and avoiding division. They fear for their bad account.]

Quran 13:22 And those who are patient, seeking the countenance of their Lord, and establish prayer and spend from what We have provided for them secretly and publicly and prevent evil with good - those will have the good consequence of [this] home. [They repel evil with good]

Quran 13:23 Gardens of perpetual residence; they will enter them with whoever were righteous among their fathers, their spouses and their descendants. And the angels will enter upon them from every gate, [saying],

Quran 13:24 "Peace be upon you for what you patiently endured. And excellent is the final home."

In short, Quran says that following qualities are present in people of paradise:
A. Rational approach, thinking mind.
B. Fulfilling promise / keeping up of words.
C. Fearing that one will be held accountable for all deeds.
D. Preserving relations, maintaining ties.
E. Being patient.
F. Establishing salah.
G. Spending what Allah has provided.
H. Dealing with evil in good manners.

Paradise is for peaceful people; that is why angels will greet people with the word "Peace".

Suddenly shadab remembers what he was taught from his childhood. From his parents, from sermons of the mosque, from loudspeakers of Islamic programs he had understood that for entering paradise, one should:
1. say kalima once in life from heart and by tongue. OR..
2. belong to the one particular "saved sect" out of 73 sects. OR..
3. do one single good deed in whole life. OR..
4. have a beard and trousers of sufficient length. OR..
5. memorize names of Allah.
...... ."

"Islam of Quran is very different from Islam of Muslims", Shadab said.

Quran gives natural, logical, rational and humane concept of the Deen.

Friday, July 14, 2017

2021 or 2026 - choice is your's - Perform or Perish

A. What he said:   The wise man warned in 1987 through his revolutionary book "NOW OR NEVER" [english translation of the original book "Agar ab bhi na jaage to"] that this non-performing ummah will suffer humiliation and annihilation very soon in India (specifically) and round the globe in general.

Few took his words seriously. The wise man had warned through his books, lectures etc since 1987. It looked insane because muslims were in their comfort zone.
His warning became more vocal after 2014. Meanwhile india witnessed brazen and open attack on muslims by Govt supported and sponsored elements. Life, honor, business, property and institution of muslims were attacked by Govt from all directions.
A few people started believing his words. They became serious and started working in the correct direction.

B. Why he said:  The wise man is not an astrologer or political expert but yes he is Quran expert. Law of God is : Perform or perish. In past several centuries - this ummah proved itself its uselessness by abandoning Quran. Sects, ulemas and fabricated narrations made sure that muslims land up in worse possible situation in every domain. So as per laws of God - this ummah is bound to suffer and undergo azaab of Allah.

C. How you can be saved?  Indian Media, bureaucracy, Govt institutions, Judiciary, Police have already pledged alliance to upcoming hindu rahstra and they all are working fast in this direction. Normal hindus are told by RSS and other anti-indian ideologies that for the upcoming hindu rashtra its important to support Govt.

What is remaining is full fledged support of Indian army. That will be followed by abolishing of election, one party rule and establishment of hindu rashtra. Constitutional stamp will be given to this "new india" that will fulfill dream of RSS who have been working hard for decades.

2021 is the date set by RSS for declaration of Hindu rashtra. As per their "constitution" Muslims and Christians have to live like a second degree citizen, with no constitutional rights and they have to follow hindu culture in all aspects of life.


If it seems far fetched to you - just wait for few years.

********** The End of this ummah and beginning of a new era *********

But, wait.... that is not the end of the story.

If you really think that you want to avoid your destruction and your humiliation then ponder over laws of God. As per laws of God - those who will work in the correct direction, by performing the duty that ummah was ignoring - then those people will be saved by the azaab of Allah. That is promise of Allah.

In this difficult situation, you have the opportunity to be among those who will get the highest level of paradise and be at par with Sahaba ikram.

Final solution is in this video, watch "carefully":


Wednesday, July 12, 2017

Surrogacy, test tube baby, IVF and Islam


There can be many reasons because of which a couple opts for IVF. Woman's inability to produce eggs, man's poor sperm quality, woman's damaged fallopian tubes etc are some of the reasons why a couple is unable to reproduce child in normal way and opts for IVF.

Wiki says: In Vitro Fertilization is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) commonly referred to as IVF. IVF is the process of fertilization by extracting eggs, retrieving a sperm sample, and then manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. The embryo(s) is then transferred to the uterus.

There can be following scenarios:

A. Embryo / baby develops inside mother's womb and mother gives birth:

   Case 1. Sperm and egg belong to real parent. It is allowed.
   Case 2. Either sperm or egg is not that of parent but that of someone else. Strictly not allowed.

B. Baby develops inside another woman's [called surrogate] womb and she gives birth: All such cases not allowed in islam.
No matter whose sperm and whose egg - if a surrogate gives birth to the baby then it is not allowed. In india, thailand etc surrogate mother's are those women who rent their womb in exchange of money. So this is more like a commercial activity.

Please bear in mind - this life is a test for the hereafter. Some people are tested through their children while some are tested by not having children. So adopt means that are ethically, morally and logically permissible.

Monday, July 10, 2017

11 easy ways of abandoning Quran

How masses are made to go away from Quran:
  1. You can not understand Quran by own. You must study under "true" scholar.
  2. You have to understand Quran as understood by Salaf-Saleheen [first three generation after Prophet Muhammad.] ONLY. You can not have an interpretation that is not proved from salaf saleheen.
  3. You need to have 15-20 uloom in order to understand Quran.
  4. Do you know arabic? If NO - then you do not have right to interpret Quran.
  5. Your interpretation is new one and never told by salaf-saleheen so you are deviated.
  6. You can not use reasoning and logic for understanding Quran.
  7. You should know the shan-e-nazool and asbab-e-nazool of Quranic ayah - without that you can not understand Quran.
  8. You should explain Quran only as explained by classical scholars like Ibn kaseer.
  9. You should know which ayah is abrogated else you will not understand properly.
  10. Without hadees - you can not understand Quran so you should know hadees related to Quranic ayah before understanding the ayah.
  11. You do not have "islamic" look - then how can you understand Quran?

Saturday, June 24, 2017

We should love God or fear God?

Question: We should love God or fear God? I believe that fear is the first step towards obedience to God.
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Answer: The Arabic word "taqwa" is usually mis-translated as "fear". The root word "WAW QAF YA" signifies love. God should not be feared like we fear animal, ghost or bad people. God is to be loved.

When love for someone increases to great extent then a fear develops, but this fear is not because of some scary things but its because of out of extreme love. This fear prevents you from disobeying the one whom you love. This feeling of love / fear is called TAQWA which Quran recommends.

"... those who are believer - they love Allah extremely ..." Quran 2:165

Quran says that believers remember Allah too much.

At the same time Quran urges believers to have - what is usually translated as "fear" of Allah. Please note that different arabic words have different meanings but they are usually translated as a single word "fear"

So - how can "extreme love" of Allah and being "fearful" to Allah can be reconciled?
This "fear of Allah" is not the fear you have for an animal, ghost, fire, drowning etc. The "fear" of Allah is the result of extreme love for Allah. When you love Allah so much so that a kind of "fear" develops that you find it difficult to dis-please Allah then this kind of fear is what is expected in islam.

You have to "fear" Allah out of extreme love for Allah.

Quran does not adhere to the philosophy of fear based obedience. Quranic approach step-wise is:
1. To go through signs of God.
2. Ponder over signs of God - present everywhere.
3. If someone is convinced with signs and believes in his ultimate creator, then he / she should have firm faith in God.
4. Faith in God includes believing in LAWS of God. These laws we keep on dealing with in our day today life. Quran and surroundings provides knowledge of these laws of God.
5. Next comes the step for ACTION. Action will depend on the faith and love for God. The more a believer loves Almighty God, more he /she will follow commands of God.
6. The extreme form of love generates a kind of fear. A believer should refrain from sins out of fear of disobeying God. 

In nutshell - Quran commands conviction based faith that is based on reasoning, love and submission
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