Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Fasting, fidya and abrogation: Quran 2:184 analysis


Fasting, fidya and abrogation: Quran 2:184 analysis

By: Khurshid Imam
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A. Introduction

Fasting is an important pillar of faith for believers of God. Quran 2:184 says:

أَيَّامًا مَّعْدُودَاتٍ ۚ فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُم مَّرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ ۚ وَعَلَى الَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ ۖ فَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُ ۚ وَأَن تَصُومُوا خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ
(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (Should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it, is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free will, it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew. 2:184

Important points from the above ayah are:
·       Two kinds of people are exempted from fasting:
1.     Those who are ill / patient.
2.     Those who are on a journey.

·       These people (who have missed fast because of either of the two reasons mentioned above) have two options with them:
1.     Either they should complete fast later.
2.     OR they should feed one needy person (for each missed fast). This is called fidya. If they feed more than one person for each missed fast, then it is better.
·       However out of two options FASTING is better.

Everything is fine till here. However, majority of Islamic scholars believe that the option of feeding a needy person in place of fasting is no more valid!! They say that this permission – of feeding a person – is abrogated; it does not hold any more. They say that next ayah i.e. 2:185 abrogates this ayah; i.e. 2:184.

Note: Abrogation is an anti-Quranic and illogical concept. Neither a single ayah nor a single word of Quran has been abrogated. To say that Quran contains abrogated ayah means Quran is not God’s word. Kindly read THIS article for details on this subject.


B. This is NOT example of abrogation

وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ ۗ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ
…but if anyone is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful. 2:185

The next ayah – quoted above – is ayah number 185 which allegedly abrogates the command given in ayah number 184. Ayah 185 says:
·       If someone is ill OR on a journey, then he / she should compensate later on.
·       Allah intends to make things easier for you.
·       Allah does not want to make things difficult for you.
·       He wants you to complete the period and glorify him.

People say that “Ayah 185 abrogates 184 and that the final verdict is: one who misses fast should compulsorily complete it later on; there is no option of feeding the needy instead of fasting. It is because ayah 185 is not talking about feeding a person; it is only talking about making up of prescribed period later on.”

This argument is very weak. When ayah 184 has already given two options for those who have missed fast then why it’s necessary that every time this should be repeated? We should understand Quran as a whole otherwise we are bound to arrive at wrong conclusion. For example, if a person reads 3-118; 4-89, 139, 144; 5-51; 58-14, 22; superficially then he will think that Islam prohibits making friendship with all non-Muslims. However, when you read 60-8, 9 then you will understand WHAT kinds of non-Muslims are prohibited to be befriended. These two ayah 60:8-9- elaborate qualities of those people whom we should not befriend and rest of other ayah only refers to them.

So it’s important to understand Quran as a whole. Ayah 184 has elaborated all options for those who have missed the fast. When Ayah 2:184 has told very clearly that feeding a needy person is one of the options for those who have missed fast then there is no reason to doubt this permission of Allah.

C. Things are very simple; no need to complicate

Let us analyze these two ayah closely then we will find some more points that support our argument. Comparing these two ayah in table:


                     2: 184 says
                               2: 185 says
1
(Fasting) for a fixed number of days;
Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting,
2
but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (Should be made up) from days later
but if anyone is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later.
3
For those who can do it is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent.
Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties.
4
But he that will give more, of his own free will, it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew.


Column 2 on both sides is giving the same command: If you could not fast during ramdhan then complete it later.
Look at column 3; see the beauty of Quran here.
·       184 is saying that even though you can fast yet Allah has given you one more option: you can feed to needy person.
·       185 is saying that Allah wants to make things easier for you; he does not want to put you into difficulties.

Column 3 beautifully explains that you are given option of feeding person because Allah is giving you every facility; Allah does not want to put you into difficulty and Allah wants to make things easier for you.
This is the beauty of Quran that though reader thinks that same ayah / part of ayah is repeated at many places, but in each instance of so called repetition there is far more information than reader thinks. If one ponders more and connect dots, then far more knowledge can be gained.

D. Conclusion

1. Many people believe in the concept of abrogation in Quran. They say some ayah of Quran are abrogated by other ayah; it means that one ayah is cancelled / repealed by other ayah. This concept is completely against Quran and common sense.

2. People present 2:184 one of the examples of abrogation in Quran.

3. In 2:184 Allah gives option to those who have missed fast in Ramadhan, either they can fast later OR they can feed a poor. However, fasting is better. Those who believe in abrogation say, “This complete ayah is abrogated by the next ayah i.e. 185. As per 2:185 – those who missed fast have to mandatorily fast later on and they don’t have option to give fidya.”

4. There is no abrogation as claimed by scholars. Ayah 184 and Ayah 185 beautifully tell us that those who have missed fast can either fast later on OR they can feed to poor. This second option is given because Allah is giving you every facility; Allah does not want to put you into difficulty and Allah wants to make things easier for you.

5. Not a single word, ayah of Quran has been abrogated.
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Monday, April 16, 2018

Do you still deny need of hell?

Do you still deny need of hell?
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India, 2018 first half ..... shameful events .... anger.. protest .. candle march .. emotions high.. demand for strict punishment for perverts ...poor girls have been violated..

In the wake of Asifa's heart-wrenching rape and murder, everyone is angry & aghast. Everyone is demanding strictest punishment for the culprits except a few depraved people.

It is unimaginable how dangerous human beings can become to their own kind. An innocent little girl was meted out with torture and atrocities beyond wildest thoughts. Will the perpetrators of this heinous crime get punished? Will they ever be subjected to a punishment as severe as the torment they inflicted upon their helpless victim? 

Let's face it, corruption and bias routinely fail the justice system set up by human beings. There is a high chance that the culprits will not get any punishment as happens in majority of the such cases in our country. Besides, even if they do, it can never be equal to the suffering they caused to their victim.

In this highly charged emotional environment people want strictest punishment for culprits. As time will pass, protest, emotion and anger will subside, but fact / truth will remain as it is. 

Truth does not require our emotions.
If we take a pause and reflect, two things become evident:

1.Poor soul was not violated because of any sin committed by her in a "previous" life. The popular belief of 'awagaman' says that you suffer in this world because of sins done in "previous life". Has anyone guts to say it loud that the girl was treated inhumanly because of her own sins in previous birth? No, as there is only one worldly life.

2. Culprits deserve strictest punishment. What if the man made justice system fails to deliver justice? Will there be no retribution handed to them ever? Heart and mind say that it will be gross injustice on the part of humanity. If these criminals are not held accountable for their deeds then the concept of God's justice becomes meaningless.

Good news is that everyone will be held accountable for his / her deeds in the life hereafter. No matter how powerful you are, no matter how much you evade punishment here - you are going to be held accountable for your deeds in the life hereafter. Those who violated poor souls, they will be given utmost punishment in the hell. 

There is definitely a need of hell in the hereafter, otherwise this world will become hell.

Wednesday, March 21, 2018

Dowry free matrimonial

Dowry free matrimonial

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SN
Name
Profession
NativePlace
ResidingAt
Contact
Details of candidate and spouse preference
1
W-UK
Engg 
Aligarh
United Kingdom

Boy. 1982 born, Divorcee, marriage lasted 5 months. Looking for single or divorcee with no kids.
2
 A
Software Engg 
Bihar 
USA

Boy. 1981 born, single, looking for educated girl,
3
 Pk
MBBS, MS
Bihar 
Bangalore

Girl. 1988 born, 5'3'', slim, very fair, very religious, looking for deendaar Doctor.
4
BshSis 
MBBS
Bihar
Bihar

Girl.1987 born, deendaar, 5'1", looking for decent proposal
5
Glu
MBA, Manager in Govt Sector
Ranchi
Jamshedpur 

Boy, 1987 born, looking for decent proposal from bihar, jharkhand.
6
Wshm
M.tech, 
Bihar
SaudiaArab

Boy. 1989 born, 5'10" deendaar, looking for deendaar girl, height must be 5'3"+
7
ThSis
BDS, MDS, Lecturer
Gulbarga
Bangalore

Girl, 1986 born, 5'5", looking for decent proposal
8
 ThBro
BCA, working in MNC
Gulbarga
Bangalore

Boy. 1989 born, looking for decent proposal
9
 Lbn
C.S, LLb
Bihar
Bangalore

Girl, very fair, 1990 born, looking for decent proposal
10
Dhnb
B.Arch, M.Arch, Asst professor
Dhanbad
Gurgaon

Girl 1989 born, 5'8", deendaar, looking for decent proposal
11
WsmAkt sisB.comBihar Jamshedpur Girl. 1995 born,5'1", On Salafi methodology, looking for educated, deendaar person

Note: Please send details in above format to serviceforhumanity@gmail.com or my facebook messenger for uploading details to above list.

Every proposal above is known to me personally - so message me if you have matching alliance.

Wednesday, January 31, 2018

Concealing of emaan - allowed or not?

Concealing of Eimaan and Islam: allowed or not?

By: Khurshid Imam
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Islam is for everyone from Bali to Boston and Japan to Jordan. Islam is for every era. Islam is for every situation – when you are in tranquility as well as when you are being oppressed. There can be situations when it becomes very difficult to practice Deen or may be even to declare Deen. What about the scenario when someone accepts the religion of God but situation around is very hostile?

Quran guides us for such situations also. Guidance of Quran is clear i.e. eimaan is a matter between a person and God. Allah knows our situation, Allah knows what is going on with us, Allah knows what is beyond our capacity.

Whether you conceal what is in your hearts or reveal it, Allah knows it. And He knows that which is in the heavens and that which is on the earth. Quran 3:29

One can conceal eimaan if situation is not favorable. It’s no way a symbol of weak eimaan, rather God has praised such people. Below are two references from Quran:

A. Meccans who couldn’t migrate to Medina and concealed their Eimaan.

There were some people in Mecca who had accepted Deen but couldn’t migrate like other Muslims. They continued to live in Mecca concealing their eimaan. The historical event of Sulah-e-Hudaybiyyah took place between Muslims of Medina and Mushrik of Mecca. 

The main reason for this treaty was to save the lives of those Muslims of Mecca who had concealed their eimaan. Yes, so much was the status of these people in the sight of Allah that prophet was guided by God to go for a treaty with Meccans even though Muslims were in good strength.

“.. Had there not been believing men and believing women whom you did not know that you were trampling down and on whose account a crime would have accrued to you without (your) knowledge. Quran 48:24

a. There were some believers who had concealed their eimaan and Prophet did not know them.

b. Had a fight broken out between the two parties then these people could have got killed. In order to save their lives, the Prophet was commanded to go for a treaty. 

Such is the high regard in the sight of Allah of those who stand by their eimaan in difficult situations.

B. A believer in the court of Firaun.

There was a person in the court of Firaun who was a believer but he had concealed his eimaan. Quran has praised him so much so that a whole chapter (Number 40) is named after him: Surah Momin [also refereed as Surah Ghafir]. 

He defended Moses against Pharoah and gave dawah of the Deen to pharaoh indirectly without revealing his identity. Quran has praised him and talks about that person in Surah 40, Ayah 28 onward. See, the wise way he used for giving dawah to Firaun:

Musa (Moses) said: "Verily I seek refuge in my Lord and your Lord from every arrogant who believes not in the Day of Reckoning!" 40:27

And a believing man of Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people, who hid his faith said: "Would you kill a man because he says: My Lord is Allah, and he has come to you with clear signs (proofs) from your Lord? And if he is a liar, upon him will be (the sin of) his lie; but if he is telling the truth, then some of that (calamity) wherewith he threatens you will befall on you." Verily, Allah guides not one who is a Musrif (oppressor, transgressor), a liar! 40:28

"(the believing man who had concealed his emaan said) O my people! Yours is the kingdom today, you being dominant in the land. But who will save us from the Torment of Allah, should it befall us?" Fir'aun (Pharaoh) said: "I show you only that which I see (correct), and I guide you only to the path of right policy!" 40:29

Then said the man who believed: "O my people! Truly I do fear for you something like the Day (of disaster) of the Confederates (in sin)!- 40:30

"O my people! This life of the present is nothing but (temporary) convenience: It is the Hereafter that is the Home that will last. 40:39

a. The person who had concealed his eimaan was very wise and did two things : defended Moses against Firaun and gave dawah to Firaun and his people.

b. That concealed eimaan person spoke about different aspects for inviting Firaun to Deen. He gave several arguments so that people could think about the true Deen.

These two incidents are sufficient to prove that Islam permits concealing of Deen / emaan. It’s always between a believer and God.

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Monday, January 22, 2018

Has Allah pre-determined Who will enter paradise-hell? Quran 7:179 analysis


Has Allah fixed who will enter paradise and hell?


Al-A'raf 7:179

وَلَقَدْ ذَرَأْنَا لِجَهَنَّمَ كَثِيرًا مِّنَ ٱلْجِنِّ وَٱلْإِنسِۖ لَهُمْ قُلُوبٌ لَّا يَفْقَهُونَ بِهَا وَلَهُمْ أَعْيُنٌ لَّا يُبْصِرُونَ بِهَا وَلَهُمْ ءَاذَانٌ لَّا يَسْمَعُونَ بِهَآۚ أُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ كَٱلْأَنْعَٰمِ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّۚ أُو۟لَٰٓئِكَ هُمُ ٱلْغَٰفِلُونَ

And surely, We have created many of the jinns and mankind for Hell. They have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones.
Show more reac

Questioner: Allah says he has already created some jinn and mankind for hell, den how could you say that the particular Sahih narration is contradictory with the Qur'an?




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Let us read next few Ayah from Surah Al-A'raf:

180 - And Allah's are the best names, therefore call on Him thereby, and leave alone those who violate the sanctity of His names; they shall be recompensed for what they did.

181 - And of those whom We have created are a people who guide with the truth and thereby they do justice.

182 - And (as to) those who reject Our communications, We draw them near (to destruction) by degrees from whence they know not.

Where does the ayah says that Allah has already decided who will enter paradise and hell? 

The ayah quoted i.e 7:179 is saying that Jinn and mankind will enter hell fire. And immediately Allah answers the reason. What is concluded from the ayah directly contradicts with the ayah itself. 

Ayah gives the "reason" why people will enter hell. reason is:
1. They do not use their faculties for understanding / pondering.

2. Their approach is that of blind faith [Which is the case with most of muslims and non muslims]

3. Due to their own action these people will enter Hell.

Allah has said in this ayah that hell is meant for jinn and human being and one of the reasons is that they do not use their aql / common sense / faculties.

In fact, next 3 ayah also carries same view that it is the action of an individual that will take him / her to paradise-hell. It is not Allah who has "fixed" actions of human being. Kindly read next three ayah:

7:180 - "...they shall be recompensed for what they did"

7:181 - "And of those whom We have created are a people who guide with the truth and thereby they do justice"

7182 - "And (as to) those who reject Our communications, We draw them near (to destruction) by degrees from whence they know not."

Nowhere Quran says that its Allah who has already "fixed" who will enter paradise-hell. What Allah has prefixed is his "LAWS" that will lead to path of guidance or mis-guidance.